In life, politics is inevitable, be it in office, family or among friends. Unlike other species, Humans are known as the Verbal Social species that communicates for social purpose, more often than not, it is a mental need rather than a survival need like those in the animal kingdom.
How to survive office politics? I always believe it takes two to tango, and if one party decided not to dance, there is nothing the other party can do. Simply avoid gossiping. Nothing destroys the dynamics of an office more than gossip. Stay away from it, because nothing good comes from it.
If a colleague tries to engage you into bad mouthing someone, always reply with a neutral answer or something positive. Because they might use whatever you said against you when it suits them. Also, a person that loves to bad mouth another will not hesitate to bad mouth you in-front of others too, watch out for these type of gossipers and avoid them. How to survive office politics?
Do not take part, always give positive replies of another person.
A colleague that wants to gossip about another colleague will not hesitate to do the same behind your back.
You cannot stop a person from bad mouthing you, however, if you do not bad mouth others while having a good social interaction skills, you’ll likely to survive and win the war.